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Plant Directory

Black Pine: Pinus nigra

The Black Pine, also called the European Black Pine or the Austrian Pine, has become a popular landscape and urban tree in our area. It tolerates pollution and road salt better than the native White Pine.


Black Pines typically grow to 50 – 60 feet in our area with a spread of about half the height. 3 – 5 inch dark green needles grow in pairs.  The bark can become strikingly fissured as the tree ages. The tree grows best in full sun in moist, well-drained soils but shows tolerance for other conditions.


Currently Dithostroma needle blight has become a problem for Black Pines in some parts of our country, but has not been seen in the New York area yet.


Advice from the arborists at Almstead:

Black Pines make good alternatives to White Pines in many situations. They are often planted as wind breaks or screens, and have the advantage of tolerating more road salt and pollution.


Although needle blight may eventually reach our area, an annual fungicidal treatment can keep it under control. Currently, Black Pine cultivars are becoming available that are more resistant to needle blight.


Photo sources:

Bill Cook, Michigan State University,

Black Pine

Black Pine Needles

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